The facts we all should know
Did you know alcohol worsens common mental health problems?
Alcohol drinking can be both a consequence and a cause of anxiety and depression. The relaxant effect of alcohol wears off quickly and the rebound effect of alcohol withdrawal increases anxiety levels. Alcohol’s effect on mood and on self esteem and relationships typically increases feelings of depression.
Show me the science
Lynn E. Sullivan, David A. Fiellin, Patrick G. O’Connor. The prevalence and impact of alcohol problems in major depression: A systematic review, The American Journal of Medicine, Volume 118, Issue 4, 2005, Pages 330-341,
Boden JM, Fergusson DM. Alcohol and depression. Addiction. 2011 May;106(5):906-14. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.03351.x. Epub 2011 Mar 7. PMID: 21382111. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21382111/
Justin J. Anker and Matt G. Kushner. Co-Occurring Alcohol Use Disorder and Anxiety: Bridging the Psychiatric, Psychological, and Neurobiological Perspectives. Alcohol Research, Current Reviews, Volume 40 Issue 130 December 2019. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism at the National Institutes of Health
Cosci, F., Schruers, K.R., Abrams, K., & Griez, E.J. (2007). Alcohol use disorders and panic disorder: a review of the evidence of a direct relationship. The Journal of clinical psychiatry, 68 6, 874-80.